The 17th century began a rise in conflict over Religion especially in England. People were expected to belong to the Church of England, yet there were a great amount of Roman Catholics too. Those who did not below to the Church were severely frowned upon including Roman Catholics, Jews and Gypsies. England was primarily Anglican during this time, Spain was primarily Roman Catholic and Italy was primarily Roman Catholic.
To learn more about religion in the 17th century refer to the links below:
Overview of religion in 17th century England
Roman Catholic Beliefs
Primary sources that represent women’s view on religion and its importance to their lives. 17th-century-religion-and-women